Question: What Are The Common Injectable Routes Of Administration?

What are the different routes of administration?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection..

How many routes of drug administration are there?

9.5. For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the 7 rights of a patient?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What is a general rule for drug administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.

Is inhalation faster than intravenous?

Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.

Why is the oral route of administration safer?

Oral: A majority of the drugs are administered orally as it is a convenient, safe and affordable route of administration. The effect of the drug in the body is dependent on its absorption in the digestive system. Absorption can begin in the mouth and stomach but is mostly completed in the small intestine.

Where do you inject?

The best is in the deltoid, the muscle on your upper, outer arm where your shoulder and your arm meet. If injecting into the butt, mentally divide each cheek into four equal sections and inject into the top right or top left outer section of each cheek.

What are 3 ways to give injections?

The three main types of injections include:Subcutaneous (into the fat layer between the skin and muscle)Intramuscular (deep into a muscle)Intravenous (through a vein)Mar 26, 2020

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.Nov 19, 2007

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV drug administration achieves high plasma concentrations rapidly in plasma and tissues. Muscles are very vascular structures, and IM absorption occurs by drug diffusion from interstitial fluid and capillary membranes into plasma, and so onset of action is longer than IV injection.

What is difference between enteral and parenteral routes of administration?

What do Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Refer To? Enteral nutrition generally refers to any method of feeding that uses the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to deliver part or all of a person’s caloric requirements. … Parenteral nutrition refers to the delivery of calories and nutrients into a vein.

What are the 4 enteral routes of administration?

Oral, buccal, sublingual, and rectal are the most common enteral routes of administration.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What is the fastest route of absorption for a drug?

inhalationThe fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since a drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.

What are the 5 basic principles for administering medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

Does a drug’s route of administration matter?

Why Medication Administration Routes Matter If the drug’s efficacy will be affected by stomach acid, the medication cannot be taken orally. When a medication needs to be absorbed faster or slower, that may change how it’s delivered. The molecular structure of a medication matters too.

What are parenteral drugs?

Parenteral drug administration means any non-oral means of administration, but is generally interpreted as relating to injecting directly into the body, bypassing the skin and mucous membranes.

What is the most common route of administration?

Oral. Given by mouth is the most common route of drug administration, however it also the one with the most complicated pathway to the target tissues.

How many injection routes are there?

Definition of intradermal injection Intradermal injection is one of the routes of administration used for vaccination. The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What are the 4 types of injections?

Learn about the 4 types of injection: intradermal, subcutaneous, intravenous and intramuscular injections, and what they are used for in Singapore.