Question: What Are The Factors That Influence Drug Abuse?

What are major social factors that influence substance use and abuse in college?

Social Risk Factors.

Social factors that contribute to increased risk for adolescent substance use include deviant peer relationships, popularity, bullying, and association with gangs..

What are examples of protective factors?

Protective factor examplesPositive attitudes, values or beliefs.Conflict resolution skills.Good mental, physical, spiritual and emotional health.Positive self-esteem.Success at school.Good parenting skills.Parental supervision.Strong social supports.More items…•Dec 17, 2015

What factors can affect drug metabolism in an elderly?

Aging results in a number of significant changes in the human liver including reductions in liver blood flow, size, drug-metabolizing enzyme content, and pseudocapillarization. Drug metabolism is also influenced by comorbid disease, frailty, concomitant medicines, and (epi)genetics.

How do risk and protective factors influence drug abuse?

Risk factors can increase a person’s chances for drug abuse, while protective factors can reduce the risk. Please note, however, that most individuals at risk for drug abuse do not start using drugs or become addicted. Also, a risk factor for one person may not be for another.

What are the causes and consequences of drug abuse?

Drug abuse can affect several aspects of a person’s physical and psychological health. Certain drugs can lead to drowsiness and slow breathing, while others may cause insomnia, paranoia, or hallucinations. Chronic drug use is associated with cardiovascular, kidney, and liver disease.

What factors influence college students substance use behaviors?

The high rates of drug abuse among college students can be attributed to a number of factors, including: Stress. As students are facing the high demands of coursework, part-time jobs, internships, social obligations and more, many turn to drugs as a way to cope.

What are three factors that can interfere with the therapeutic effects of a drug?

The effect of any drug on an individual is the result of three interacting factors: the drug itself….8.1 Intoxication.8.2 Tolerance.8.3 Physical and psychological dependence.8.4 Drug interactions.

How does genetics affect drug response?

Because of their genetic makeup, some people process (metabolize) drugs slowly. As a result, a drug may accumulate in the body, causing toxicity. Other people metabolize drugs so quickly that after they take a usual dose, drug levels in the blood never become high enough for the drug to be effective.

How does diet affect drug response?

Nutritional deficiencies can affect drug absorption and metabolism. Severe energy and protein deficiencies reduce enzyme tissue concentrations and may impair the response to drugs by reducing absorption or protein binding and causing liver dysfunction.

Is substance abuse a social determinant of health?

Poverty, adverse childhood experiences, intergenerational trauma, and intergenerational substance use are all social determinants of health influenced by structural racism.

What are the factors that lead to substance abuse among university students?

In this study, we identified variables; addiction in close friends, dispute with the family, poor economic status of family and number of household members as risk factors of addiction tendency in students. In our study, drug addiction in close friends was related to more addiction tendency in students.

How does unemployment cause drug abuse?

The unemployed are more likely to consume excessive amounts of alcohol, and to use illicit and prescription drugs. They are more likely to smoke and develop dependence on alcohol and illicit drugs. Sex differences were observed in 15 studies (Table 1).

What factors contribute to the effects of drugs?

Factors influencing drug effectsType of drug.Quantity of drug used.Method of drug use.Time taken to consume.Tolerance.Gender, size and amount of muscle.Use of other psycho-active drugs.Mood or attitude.More items…

What sociocultural factors influence drug use abuse and treatment?

Social Model Social components influencing addiction include, though not exhaustively, neighbourhood crime, availability of the substance, tolerance and acceptance of drug use and poor support from community and society in battling the problem [6].

How does age affect drug response?

Distribution of a medication is also affected by impaired absorption, which influences its onset, strength, and duration. In general, as we age, total body water and muscle mass decrease while percentage of body fat increases. These changes can lead to drugs having a longer duration of action and increased effect.

What are the five protective factors?

Five Protective Factors are the foundation of the Strengthening Families Approach: parental resilience, social connections, concrete support in times of need, knowledge of parenting and child development, and social and emotional competence of children.

What are the protective factors of peer?

Peer and Social Protective FactorsPossession of affective relationships with those at school that are strong, close, and prosocially oriented.Commitment to school (an investment in school and in doing well at school)Close relationships with non-deviant peers.More items…

How does culture affect Drug Administration?

Culture influences patients’ response to recommended treatments and medication adherence. An understanding of a patient’s culture, integrated with the healthcare provider’s culturally appropriate interventions, can promote improved adherence and patient outcomes.

What are the factors affecting Posology?

Age.Idiosyncrasy. Sex. Tolerance. Body Weigh. Tachyphylaxis. Route of Administration. Metabolic disturbance. 5.Time of Administration. Environmental Factors. … Doses proportionate to age:Age.Species. Sex. Character of drug. Body Weigh. Route of Administration. Time of Administration. Environmental Factors. Habit. Rate of elimination.

What factors may impact a patient’s compliance?

This list of potential barriers included:Demographic factors such as age, ethnicity, gender, education, marriage status.Psychosocial factors: beliefs, motivation, attitude.Patient-prescriber relationship.Health literacy.Patient knowledge.Physical difficulties.Tobacco or alcohol intake.Forgetfulness.More items…•Dec 21, 2018