Quick Answer: How Do You Give Drugs?

What is a general rule for drug administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors..

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

Is IMQ faster than IM?

Intramuscular injections are absorbed faster than subcutaneous injections. This is because muscle tissue has a greater blood supply than the tissue just under the skin. Muscle tissue can also hold a larger volume of medication than subcutaneous tissue.

Should you wear gloves when administering oral medication?

When you are giving some types of medications, it is necessary to wear gloves. Change your gloves as soon as you have finished administering medications to the individual. Never re-use gloves for more than one individual and always wash your hands again after you take off your gloves.

What are the 4 enteral routes of administration?

Oral, buccal, sublingual, and rectal are the most common enteral routes of administration.

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.Nov 19, 2007

Which method of administering drugs is the most rapid acting?

Intravenous (IV) It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way. It bypasses absorption barriers and first-pass metabolism. It is used when a rapid effect is required, continuous administraction and large volumes.

What are the 5 R’s of medication administration?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

Which is faster IM or IV?

While IV opioids have the fastest onset times (Morphine: 5 – 10 minutes), IM and SQ routes are options when IV access is a barrier to administration.

How do you do a proper narcotic count?

Narcotics should be counted at the beginning and end of the day by 2 RN’s….Narcotic countsIn our facility two RNs count at the beginning of the day and at the end of the day.Any time narcotics are added to stock, two RNs first verify the existing count and then add the drugs and co-sign.More items…•Feb 21, 2013

What are the steps for medication administration?

Rights of Medication AdministrationRight patient. Check the name on the order and the patient. … Right medication. Check the medication label. … Right dose. Check the order. … Right route. Again, check the order and appropriateness of the route ordered. … Right time. Check the frequency of the ordered medication. … Right documentation. … Right reason. … Right response.May 27, 2011

What are the common injectable routes of administration?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What is the first step in administering medication?

Safety considerations:Plan medication administration to avoid disruption: … Prepare medications for ONE patient at a time.Follow the SEVEN RIGHTS of medication preparation (see below).Check that the medication has not expired.Perform hand hygiene.Check room for additional precautions.Introduce yourself to patient.More items…

What are the 7 rights of a patient?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What are the methods of parenteral drug administration?

injectionParenteral medications enter the body by injection through the tissue and circulatory system. Injection medications are absorbed more quickly and are used with patients who are nauseated, vomiting, restricted from taking oral fluids, or unable to swallow.

What is parenteral medication administration?

Parenteral drug administration means any non-oral means of administration, but is generally interpreted as relating to injecting directly into the body, bypassing the skin and mucous membranes.

Which term means administration of a drug directly into a vein?

Some medications must be given by an intravenous (IV) injection or infusion. This means they’re sent directly into your vein using a needle or tube. In fact, the term “intravenous” means “into the vein.” With IV administration, a thin plastic tube called an IV catheter is inserted into your vein.

What procedure requires a filter needle?

USP 797 standard requires use of a filter needle when preparing medication from an ampule and use of an alcohol swab to clean the neck of the ampule before breaking it open (2008).

What is the fastest route of absorption for a drug?

inhalationThe fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since a drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.