What Is The Safest Seizure Medication?

What is the best seizure medication?

Many medications are used in the treatment of epilepsy and seizures, including:Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol, others)Phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)Valproic acid (Depakene)Oxcarbazepine (Oxtellar, Trileptal)Lamotrigine (Lamictal)Gabapentin (Gralise, Neurontin)Topiramate (Topamax)Phenobarbital.More items…•Feb 24, 2021.

Can you still have seizures when on medication?

Unfortunately, at least 1 in 3 patients complain they are still having seizures while on medication. In these cases, the patient is considered to have drug-resistant seizures or drug-resistant epilepsy, also known as refractory epilepsy. The cause of epilepsy and seizures is often unknown.

Do seizures damage the brain?

Prolonged seizures are clearly capable of injuring the brain. Isolated, brief seizures are likely to cause negative changes in brain function and possibly loss of specific brain cells.

When should seizure medication be stopped?

Most doctors will consider tapering the dosage and discontinuing your seizure medicines after a seizure-free period of 2 to 4 years. If you have had only one seizure, some doctors will consider discontinuing the medicine if you have been seizure-free for 6 to 12 months.

What triggers a seizure?

Triggers can differ from person to person, but common triggers include tiredness and lack of sleep, stress, alcohol, and not taking medication. For some people, if they know what triggers their seizures, they may be able to avoid these triggers and so lessen the chances of having a seizure.

What is the newest seizure medication?

The newer drugs are: gabapentin (Neurontin), lamotrigine (Lamictal), topiramate (Topamax), tiagabine (Gabatril), levetiracetam (Keppra), zonisamide (Zonegran), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) and pregabalin (Lyrica). A ninth drug, felbamate (Felbatol), is now rarely used because of potential for serious side effects.

What does Keppra do to your brain?

How does Keppra work? Keppra contains the active ingredient levetiracetam, which is a medicine used to treat epilepsy. It works by stabilising electrical activity in the brain. The brain and nerves are made up of many nerve cells that communicate with each other through electrical signals.

Can you feel a seizure coming on?

Some patients may have a feeling of having lived a certain experience in the past, known as “déjà vu.” Other warning signs preceding seizures include daydreaming, jerking movements of an arm, leg, or body, feeling fuzzy or confused, having periods of forgetfulness, feeling tingling or numbness in a part of the body, …

What foods are bad for seizures?

Stimulants such as tea, coffee, chocolate, sugar, sweets, soft drinks, excess salt, spices and animal proteins may trigger seizures by suddenly changing the body’s metabolism. Some parents have reported that allergic reactions to certain foods (e.g. white flour) also seem to trigger seizures in their children.

What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?

Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.

What is the most expensive seizure medication?

Ethosuximide (Zarontin) is an expensive drug used to control seizures in certain types of epilepsy. This drug is less popular than comparable drugs. It is available in brand and generic form. Generic zarontin is covered by most Medicare and insurance plans, but some pharmacy coupons or cash prices may be lower.

What is the best vitamin for epilepsy?

Along with vitamin B6, magnesium, and vitamin E, which have been found to be helpful in treating epilepsy, doctors have found treatment with manganese and taurine reduced seizures, as well. Thiamine may help improve the ability to think in people with epilepsy.

What seizure medication has the least side effects?

oxcarbazepine (Trileptal): Slightly different from carbamazepine, it is at least as effective, and may have fewer side effects, except for more risk for low blood sodium (hyponatremia). It is more expensive than generic carbamazepine.

What are the most common side effects of anti seizure medications?

Common side effects include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, tremor, hair loss, weight gain, depression in adults, irritability in children, reduced attention, a decrease in thinking speed. Over the long term, the drug can cause bone thinning, swelling of the ankles, irregular menstrual periods.

Can drinking water prevent seizures?

Drinking water helps us to function and concentrate, and reduces the risk of seizures triggered by dehydration.

Can milk cause seizures?

Among different foods which may trigger the seizure occurrence, dairy products are major concerns because of excess use of a variety of them in dairy diet and several studies demonstrated cow’s milk protein allergy which may induce epilepsy [7].

What is the best diet for seizures?

The Atkins diet is known as a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet. The modified Atkins diet for people with epilepsy is similar to the ketogenic diet but allows for a little more flexibility in protein, fluid, and calorie amounts. The low glycemic index. This is the least restrictive special diet for epilepsy.

What are signs of a seizure coming on?

Seizure signs and symptoms may include: Temporary confusion—often described as a “fuzzy” feeling. A staring spell. Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs….Common warning signs of seizures include:Sensitivity to smells, sounds, or sights.Anxiety.Nausea.Dizziness.Visual changes, such as tunnel vision.Nov 21, 2017