Which Routes Of Drug Administration Does Not Avoid The Portal Circulation?

Which route of administration does not require absorption?

It is considered that intravascular administration (e.g.

IV) does not involve absorption, and there is no loss of drug.

The fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration..

What are the 4 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the different routes of administration?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection.

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.Nov 19, 2007

What is the correct list of routes of administration for drugs quizlet?

Major routes of drug administration include:Enteral administration: ORAL, SUBLINGUAL, RECTAL.Parenteral administration: INTRAVENOUS (IV), INTRAMUSCULAR (IM), SUBCUTANEOUS (SC)TOPICAL administration.INHALATION IN THE LUNGS.

Is inhalation faster than intravenous?

Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.

Can IV drugs be taken orally?

IV administration can also be a controlled way to give drugs over time. Certain drugs may be given by IV administration because if you took them orally (by mouth), enzymes in your stomach or liver would break them down.

What is the slowest route of medication administration?

Subcutaneous (SC) The absoroption of subcutaneous injections is slower than that of IV route and it needs absorption similar to Intramuscular injection.

Do all drugs pass through the liver?

Most drugs must pass through the liver, which is the primary site for drug metabolism. Once in the liver, enzymes convert prodrugs to active metabolites or convert active drugs to inactive forms.

What drugs are bad for the liver?

The 10 Worst Medications for Your Liver1) Acetaminophen (Tylenol) … 2) Amoxicillin/clavulanate (Augmentin) … 3) Diclofenac (Voltaren, Cambia) … 4) Amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone) … 5) Allopurinol (Zyloprim) … 6) Anti-seizure medications. … 7) Isoniazid. … 8) Azathioprine (Imuran)More items…•Feb 11, 2019

What is the Dangerous Drugs Board report all about?

The DDB was mandated to be the policy-making and coordinating agency as well as the national clearing house on all matters pertaining to law enforcement and control of dangerous drugs; treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents; drug abuse prevention, training and information; research and statistics on the drug …

Which routes of administration can be used to avoid the first-pass effect?

Alternative routes of administration, such as suppository, intravenous, intramuscular, inhalational aerosol, transdermal, or sublingual, avoid the first-pass effect because they allow drugs to be absorbed directly into the systemic circulation.

What is the slowest route of absorption?

Chapter 30QuestionAnswerWhat type of drug name is Advil?Brand nameThe slowest route of absorption of a drug isoralWho is responsible for regulating the sale of medicines?US Food and Drug AdministrationWithin the dental profession, who can prescribe drugs to a patient?Oral surgeon, general dentist15 more rows

What are the 5 ways drugs can enter your body?

For example, there are five methods of drug abuse which allow drugs to enter the body: swallowing, smoking, snorting, through suppositories and injecting.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

Which is faster IM or IV?

While IV opioids have the fastest onset times (Morphine: 5 – 10 minutes), IM and SQ routes are options when IV access is a barrier to administration.

What are the two routes by which drugs can be eliminated into the system?

It is accomplished in two ways, either by excretion of an unmetabolized drug in its intact form or by metabolic biotransformation followed by excretion. While excretion is primarily carried out by the kidneys, other organ systems are involved as well.

What are the common injectable routes of administration?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What is a general rule for drug administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.

Why is the oral route of administration safer?

Oral: A majority of the drugs are administered orally as it is a convenient, safe and affordable route of administration. The effect of the drug in the body is dependent on its absorption in the digestive system. Absorption can begin in the mouth and stomach but is mostly completed in the small intestine.